From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common herpesvirus found in humans. Like other herpesviruses, it is a life-long infection that remains in a latent state inside the human body, until it is 'reactivated' by appropriate conditions.

Prevalence[edit | edit source]

CMV infects between 60% to 70% of adults in industrialized countries and close to 100% in emerging countries.[citation needed]

Much is unknown about CMV, although it has been found in salivary glands and myeloid blood cells such as monocytes. It has also been linked to the development of certain cancers. Congenital CMV is a leading infectious cause of deafness, learning disabilities, and intellectual disability. A common treatment for CMV is valganciclovir, commonly known as Valcyte.[1]

Several herpesviruses including cytomegalovirus may cause false positives on Lyme disease tests.[2][3][4]

Treatments[edit | edit source]

Notable studies[edit | edit source]

  • 2020, Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr Virus, and Human herpesvirus-6 Infections in Patients With Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome[5] - (Abstract)

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Gupta, Mohit; Shorman, Mahmoud (2019). Cytomegalovirus. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing. PMID 29083720.
  2. Goossens, H.A.T.; van den Bogaard, A. E. J.M.; Nohlmans, M. K.E.; van den Bogaard, A. E. J.M. (May 1, 1999). "Epstein-barr virus and cytomegalovirus infections cause false-positive results in IgM two-test protocol for early lyme borreliosis". Infection. 27 (3): 231–231. doi:10.1007/BF02561539. ISSN 1439-0973.
  3. Goossens, H.A.T.; van den Bogaard, A.E.; Nohlmans, M. K. E. (September 1, 1999). "Evaluation of Fifteen Commercially Available Serological Tests for Diagnosis of Lyme Borreliosis". European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 18 (8): 551–560. doi:10.1007/s100960050347. ISSN 1435-4373.
  4. Dessau, R.B.; Dam, A. P. van; Fingerle, V.; Gray, J.; Hovius, J.W.; Hunfeld, K.P.; Jaulhac, B.; Kahl, O.; Kristoferitsch, W.; Lindgren, P.-E.; Markowicz, M. (February 1, 2018). "To test or not to test? Laboratory support for the diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis: a position paper of ESGBOR, the ESCMID study group for Lyme borreliosis". Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 24 (2): 118–124. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2017.08.025. ISSN 1198-743X. PMID 28887186.
  5. Shikova, Evelina; Reshkova, Valentina; Kumanova, Аntoniya; Raleva, Sevdalina; Alexandrova, Dora; Capo, Natasa; Murovska, Modra (2020). "Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and human herpesvirus-6 infections in patients with myalgic еncephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome". Journal of Medical Virology. doi:10.1002/jmv.25744. ISSN 1096-9071.