Medical marijuana

From MEpedia, a crowd-sourced encyclopedia of ME and CFS science and history
dried blackberry marijuana labelled for medical use
Cannabis indica labelled for medical use only

Medical marijuana or medical cannabis refers to the use of cannabis or derivatives of cannabis plants to treat medical illnesses or reduce symptoms.[1] Medical marijuana typically contains both CBD and THC, which are two of the many biologically active substances found in cannabis.[2][3] CBD, which is not intoxicating or addictive, can also be produced from hemp plants, and is often marketed as CBD oil and sold legally as a without needing a perscription.[1][citation needed]

Evidence[edit | edit source]

marijuana leaf icon black

A review by Whiting et al. (2015) found moderate evidence that medical use of cannabis can help with chronic pain, but this review did not look at pain in ME/CFS.[4]

Limited evidence is available for the use of cannabis or medical marijuana in people with fibromyalgia.[5][6]

Notable studies[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Definition of MEDICAL MARIJUANA". Merrian-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  2. "Definition of THC". Merrian-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  3. "Definition of CBD". Merrian-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Whiting, Penny F.; Wolff, Robert F.; Deshpande, Sohan; Di Nisio, Marcello; Duffy, Steven; Hernandez, Adrian V.; Keurentjes, J. Christiaan; Lang, Shona; Misso, Kate (June 23, 2015). "Cannabinoids for Medical Use". JAMA. 313 (24): 2456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6358. ISSN 0098-7484.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Farré, Magí; Carbonell, Jordi; Capellà, Dolors; Durán, Marta; Fiz, Jimena (April 21, 2011). "Cannabis Use in Patients with Fibromyalgia: Effect on Symptoms Relief and Health-Related Quality of Life". PLOS ONE. 6 (4): e18440. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018440. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3080871. PMID 21533029.
  6. 6.0 6.1 van de Donk, Tine; Niesters, Marieke; Kowal, Mikael A.; Olofsen, Erik; Dahan, Albert; van Velzen, Monique (April 2019). "An experimental randomized study on the analgesic effects of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia". PAIN. 160 (4): 860. doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001464. ISSN 0304-3959.
  7. Ryan, Duncan; Drysdale, Alison J.; Lafourcade, Carlos; Pertwee, Roger G.; Platt, Bettina (February 18, 2009), "Cannabidiol targets mitochondria to regulate intracellular Ca2+ levels", The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 29 (7): 2053–2063, doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4212-08.2009, ISSN 1529-2401, PMID 19228959
  8. Jadoon, Khalid A.; Ratcliffe, Stuart H.; Barrett, David A.; Thomas, E. Louise; Stott, Colin; Bell, Jimmy D.; O’Sullivan, Saoirse E.; Tan, Garry D. (August 29, 2016), "Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabivarin on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study", Diabetes Care: American Diabetes Association, 39 (10): 1777–86, doi:10.2337/dc16-0650