Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) or emotional liability causes sudden, inappropriate, uncontrollable laughing or crying which does not usually reflect the person's mood. PBA is a neurological disorder that is often mistaken for depression.
Causes[edit | edit source]
Pseudobulbar affect is typically caused by neurological diseases or injuries including multiple sclerosis, stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), traumatic brain injury (a head injury causing loss of consciousness), or Parkinson's disease. The emotional outbursts caused by PBA may last up to several minutes, and are different from how the person would normally have responded.
Treatment[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- Pseudobulbar Affect Versus Depression: Issues in Diagnosis and Treatment
- PBA Treatment - drugs.com
- Anger, laughter and tears: Understanding emotional outbursts in MS - Multiple Sclerosis Society
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Lochhead, Jeannie D.; Maguire, Gerald A.; Nelson, Michele A. (Jul 31, 2018). "Pseudobulbar Affect Versus Depression: Issues in Diagnosis and Treatment". Psychiatric Times. Retrieved Dec 4, 2019.
- Multiple Sclerosis Society (Jul 2015). "Anger, laughter and tears: Understanding emotional outbursts in MS" (PDF).