Research[edit | edit source]
Researchers[edit | edit source]
Medical guidelines[edit | edit source]
There are no official guidelines for treating CFS/ME in Finland.
CBT/GET[edit | edit source]
National health department[edit | edit source]
Social security and disability benefits[edit | edit source]
It used to be impossible to get disability benefits for WHO ICD-10 diagnosis code G93.3. In the recent years some patients have succeeded, but it is still extremely rare. Most disabled patients apply for benefits with psychiatric diagnoses, such as major depression, even if they are not depressed. Doctors giving people a diagnosis of depression fully knowing it to be incorrect is basically a standard of care, though this is never discussed in the public.
Access to care[edit | edit source]
There is only one CFS/ME expert in Finland, Olli Polo (pulmonologist, sleep specialist, docent in physiology) in Tampere. He has been treating CFS/ME patients since 2006. About half a dozen other doctors also treat the illness.
The infectious disease clinic at Helsinki university hospital used to treat CFS/ME from about 2005 to 2010, led by the former doctor-in-chief Ville Valtonen, who would prescribe prednisone, doxycycline and IVIG, occasionally also antivirals. After Valtonen retired from his post the clinic first moved to more psychosomatic approaches and nowadays usually refuse referrals for CFS/ME.
Clinicians[edit | edit source]
Patient groups[edit | edit source]
Notable patients[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
graded exercise therapy (GET) - A gradual increase in exercise or activity, according to a pre-defined plan. Focuses on overcoming the patient's alleged unhelpful illness beliefs that exertion can exacerbate symptoms, rather than on reversing physical deconditioning. Considered controversial, and possibly harmful, in the treatment or management of ME. One of the treatment arms of the controversial PACE trial.
World Health Organization (WHO) - "A specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations." The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is maintained by WHO. (Learn more: en.wikipedia.org)
International Classification of Diseases (ICD) - A system of medical diagnostic codes, created by the World Health Organization (WHO), to classify diseases and other health related conditions for the purpose of international diagnostic consistency. By having common diagnostic codes around the world, health researchers are better able to quantify and track disease burdens. The most current version is called ICD-11. (Learn more: www.who.int)
somatic symptom disorder - A psychiatric term to describe an alleged condition whereby a person's thoughts somehow cause physical symptoms. The actual existence of such a condition is highly controversial, due to a lack of scientific evidence. It is related to other psychiatric terms, such as "psychosomatic", "neurasthenia", and "hysteria". Older terms include "somatization", "somatoform disorder", and "conversion disorder". Such terms refer to a scientifically-unsupported theory that claims that a wide range of physical symptoms can be created by the human mind, a theory which has been criticized as "mind over matter" parapsychology, a pseudoscience. Although "Somatic Symptom Disorder" is the term used by DSM-5, the term "Bodily Distress Disorder" has been proposed for ICD-11. (Learn more: www.psychologytoday.com)