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Encephalomyelitis or encephalo-myelitis.

Causes[edit | edit source]

Encephalomyelitis can occur as part of many different illnesses, and different causes are recognized including viruses, bacteria, parasites and other infections, and occasionally immunisations.

  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM), also known as acute disseminated encephalitis, immune-mediated encephalomyelitis or postinfectious encephalomyelitis and occurs mostly in children[1]
  • Human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) associated myelopathy and Tropical spastic paraplegia
  • Bacterial meningoencephalitis and meningomyelitis not elsewhere classified
  • Postinfectious encephalitis and encephalomyelitis not otherwise specified
  • Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis, unspecified
  • Ventriculitis (cerebral) not otherwise specified[2]
  • Encephalomyelitis in bacterial diseases: listerial, meningococcal, syphilis and tuberculous
  • Encephalomyelitis in viruses: adenoviral, cytomegaloviral, enteroviral, herpesviral [herpes simplex], influenza virus not identified, zoonotic or pandemic influenza virus (identified), measles, mumps, varicella encephalomyelitis / postchickenpox, rubella, zoster
  • Encephalomyelitis in other infectious and parasitic diseases:
  • Myalgic encephalomyelitis[4]

Signs and symptoms[edit | edit source]

Treatment[edit | edit source]

ME/CFS[edit | edit source]

Notable articles[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Learn more[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Acute-Disseminated-Encephalomyelitis-Information-Page
  2. World Health Organization (2019). "Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (G00-G09)". Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis. ICD-10.
  3. World Health Organization (2019). "Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (G00-G09)". Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis classified elsewhere. ICD-10.
  4. World Health Organization (2019). "Other disorders of the nervous system (G90-G99)". Other disorders of the brain. ICD-10.