A chronic sore throat is a commonly reported symptom in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). It forms part of a range of flu-like symptoms that are very common in ME/CFS patients.
Presentation[edit | edit source]
Sore throats can be particularly common during the initial onset of the illness, which often presents with flu-like symptoms. A sore throat usually appears most commonly in the morning upon waking, or during post-exertional malaise. Some patients see a sore throat as a warning sign to reduce their activity.
A bacterial or viral infection is rarely found.
Prevalence[edit | edit source]
- 1995, Katrina Berne, PhD, reported a prevalence of 50-90% for chronic sore throat in ME/CFS.
- 2001, In a Belgian study, 74.1% of patients meeting the Fukuda criteria and 84.1% of patients meeting the Holmes criteria, in a cohort of 2073 CFS patients, reported sore throat.
Symptom recognition[edit | edit source]
- Features in the Fukuda criteria, Canadian Consensus Criteria, International Consensus Criteria
- In the Canadian Consensus Criteria, recurrent sore throat is an optional criteria for diagnosis, under the section Immune Manifestations.
- In the Fukuda criteria, the symptom of sore throat can be used to help form a diagnosis.
- In the Holmes criteria, a sore throat is an optional criteria for diagnosis, under the section Minor Symptom Criteria.
Notable studies[edit | edit source]
Possible causes[edit | edit source]
Potential treatments[edit | edit source]
- Herbal teas
- Hot lemon and honey
- Throat spray or lozenges
See also[edit | edit source]
Learn more[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Nisenbaum, R; Reyes, M; Unger, ER; Reeves, W (Feb 2004), "Factor analysis of symptoms among subjects with unexplained chronic fatigue: what can we learn about chronic fatigue syndrome?", J Psychosom Res., 56 (2): 171-8, doi:10.1016/S0022-3999(03)00039-4, PMID 15016574
- Verrillo - Sore throat
- Berne, Katrina (Dec 1, 1995), Running on Empty: The Complete Guide to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFIDS), 2nd ed., Hunter House, p. 58, ISBN 978-0897931915
- De Becker, Pascale; McGregor, Neil; De Meirleir, Kenny (December 2001). "A definition‐based analysis of symptoms in a large cohort of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome". Journal of Internal Medicine. 250 (3): 234–240. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2796.2001.00890.x.
- A Clinical Case Definition and Guidelines for Medical Practitioners: An Overview of the Canadian Consensus Document Pg 8. 2005.
- The CDC (Fukuda 1994) Definition for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- The 1988 Holmes Definition for CFS
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) - A controversial term, invented by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, that generally refers to a collection of symptoms as “fatigue”. There have been multiple attempts to come up with a set of diagnostic criteria to define this term, but few of those diagnostic criteria are currently in use. Previous attempts to define this term include the Fukuda criteria and the Oxford criteria. Some view the term as a useful diagnostic category for people with long-term fatigue of unexplained origin. Others view the term as a derogatory term borne out of animus towards patients. Some view the term as a synonym of myalgic encephalomyelitis, while others view myalgic encephalomyelitis as a distinct disease.