Institute of Medicine report
The Institute of Medicine report on ME/CFS, Beyond Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Redefining an Illness, was published on February 10 2015. The National Academy of Medicine (known as the Institute of Medicine or IOM until June 2015) is an American non-profit, non-governmental organization.
On 23 September 2013 the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the National Institutes of Health, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Social Security Administration announced their intention to ask the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene an expert committee to examine the evidence base for ME/CFS.
- 1 Key findings
- 2 Recommendations
- 3 Cost
- 4 Read the report
- 5 Criticisms
- 6 Press conference
- 7 Responses
- 8 Panel members
- 9 See also
- 10 Learn more
- 11 References
Key findings[edit | edit source]
- "Between 836,000 and 2.5 million Americans suffer from myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome."
- ME "is a medical-not a psychiatric or psychological — illness"
- "This disease is characterized by profound fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, sleep abnormalities, autonomic manifestations, pain, and other symptoms that are made worse by exertion of any sort."
- "Many people with ME/CFS report difficulty completing everyday tasks, and at least one quarter have been home- or bed-bound at some point as a result of their illness."
- "The total economic costs of ME/CFS are estimated at $17 to $24 billion annually."
- "ME/CFS can severely impair patients’ ability to conduct their normal lives."
Recommendations[edit | edit source]
Recommendation 1: "Physicians should diagnose myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome if diagnostic criteria are met following an appropriate history, physical examination, and medical work-up. A new code should be assigned to this disorder in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), that is not linked to “chronic fatigue” or “neurasthenia.”"
Recommendation 2: "The Department of Health and Human Services should develop a toolkit appropriate for screening and diagnosing patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome in a wide array of clinical settings that commonly encounter these patients, including primary care practices, emergency departments, mental/behavioral health clinics, physical/occupational therapy units, and medical subspecialty services (e.g., rheumatology, infectious diseases, neurology)."
Recommendation 3: "A multidisciplinary group should reexamine the diagnostic criteria set forth in this report when firm evidence supports modification to improve the identification or care of affected individuals. Such a group should consider, in no more than 5 years, whether modification of the criteria is necessary. Funding for this update effort should be provided by nonconflicted sources, such as the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality through its Evidence-based Practice Centers process, and foundations."
Recommendation 4: "The committee recommends that this disorder be renamed “systemic exertion intolerance disease” (SEID). SEID should replace myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome for patients who meet the criteria set forth in this report."
Cost[edit | edit source]
Read the report[edit | edit source]
- Key facts (two pages)
- Report brief (four pages)
- Download full report (282 pages)
- Diagnostic Algorithm Chart
- Proposed Diagnostic Criteria Chart
- Read the full 282 page report online
- Front matter
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Background
- 3. Current Case Definitions and Diagnostic Criteria, Terminology, and Symptom Constructs and Clusters
- 4. Review of the Evidence on Major ME/CFS Symptoms and Manifestations
- 5. Review of the Evidence on Other ME/CFS Symptoms and Manifestations
- 6. Pediatric ME/CFS
- 7. Recommendations
- 8. Dissemination Strategy
- Public Session Agendas
- GRADE Grid Template
- Disability in ME/CFS
- Questionnaires and Tools That May Be Useful for Assessing ME/CFS Symptoms
- Biographical Sketches of Committee Members, Consultants, and Staff
Criticisms[edit | edit source]
Press conference[edit | edit source]
Watch a recording of the report launch event.
Responses[edit | edit source]
Researchers and clinicians[edit | edit source]
- Institute of Medicine report - Review (Peter White, 8 December 2015)
- What's in a name? Systemic exertion intolerance disease (The Lancet, 21 February 2015)
- Derek Enlander comment on Institute of Medicine report (19 February 2015, see also Derek Enlander)
Patient community[edit | edit source]
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)[edit | edit source]
On July 12, 2018, the CDC featured the IOM Report in full on it's ME/CFS home page. The prevelance data "estimated 836,000 to 2.5 million Americans suffer from ME/CFS, but most of them have not been diagnosed" are stated in the IOM report. The report's diagnostic criteria is outlined in the healthcare providers section.
Panel members[edit | edit source]
- Ellen Wright Clayton (Chair)
- Margarita Alegría
- Lucinda Bateman
- Lily Chu
- Charles Cleeland
- Ronald Davis
- Betty Diamond
- Theodore Ganiats
- Betsy Keller
- Nancy Klimas
- A Martin Lerner
- Cynthia Mulrow
- Benjamin Natelson
- Peter Rowe
- Michael Shelanski
See also[edit | edit source]
- Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) was the original name for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); the names are used interchangeably or with the acronym ME/CFS. The name SEID, although giving credence to the fact that patients are intolerant to exertion, does not capture the debilitating central nervous system symptoms patients experience as the name ME does.
- Pathways to prevention report
- Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease
Generally accepted criteria for diagnosing ME and ME/CFS[edit | edit source]
- Canadian Consensus Criteria (CCC) A diagnosis of moderate and severe forms of ME/CFS are accurately made using this criterion. Adults can be diagnosed at 6 months while pediatric cases are diagnosed at three months.
- International Consensus Criteria (ICC) This criterion will accurately diagnose myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). There is no requirement that the individual have symptoms for a specified period of time for diagnosis, as opposed to CCC, Fukuda, and SEID, which all require 6 months in adults.
- Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease (SEID) ME/CFS (SEID) is accurately diagnosed when the core symptoms are met. The Institute of Medicine report as a whole is a comprehensive review of the medical literature available at time of publication (2015). Adults can be diagnosed at 6 months while pediatric cases are diagnosed at three months.
Learn more[edit | edit source]
- 2013, Death Contract? ME/CFS Experts and Advocates Unite to Oppose US ‘Case Definition’ Contract
- 2015, Chronic fatigue syndrome is a physical disorder, not a psychological illness, panel says
- Feb 17 2015, "A New Name, and Wider Recognition, for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome" by Meghan O’Rourke in The New Yorker
References[edit | edit source]
- Institute of Medicine; Committee on the Diagnostic Criteria for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Feb 10, 2015), Beyond Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Redefining an Illness, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, doi:10.17226/19012
- HHS Announcement on the IOM Study on Diagnostic Criteria for ME/CFS September 23, 2013
- Institute of Medicine report - Review (8 December 2015)
- Schröder, Andreas; Ørnbøl, Eva; Jensen, Jens S.; Sharpe, Michael; Fink, Per (2017), "Long-term economic evaluation of cognitive-behavioural group treatment versus enhanced usual care for functional somatic syndromes", Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 94: 73–81, doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.01.005
- Per Fink complains about IOM ME/CFS report
- Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome
- Beyond Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Redefining an Illness - Feb 10, 2015
- IOM 2015 Diagnostic Criteria - CDC
- Dellwo, Adrienne (Nov 24, 2018). "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". Verywell Health. Retrieved Nov 28, 2018.
- Carruthers, Bruce M.; Jain, Anil Kumar; De Meirleir, Kenny L.; Peterson, Daniel L.; Klimas, Nancy G.; Lerner, A. Martin; Bested, Alison C.; Flor-Henry, Pierre; Joshi, Pradip; Powles, A C Peter; Sherkey, Jeffrey A.; van de Sande, Marjorie I. (2003), "Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Clinical Working Case Definition, Diagnostic and Treatment Protocols" (PDF), Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, 11 (2): 7-115, doi:10.1300/J092v11n01_02
- Carruthers, Bruce M.; van de Sande, Marjorie I.; De Meirleir, Kenny L.; Klimas, Nancy G.; Broderick, Gordon; Mitchell, Terry; Staines, Donald; Powles, A. C. Peter; Speight, Nigel; Vallings, Rosamund; Bateman, Lucinda; Baumgarten-Austrheim, Barbara; Bell, David; Carlo-Stella, Nicoletta; Chia, John; Darragh, Austin; Jo, Daehyun; Lewis, Donald; Light, Alan; Marshall-Gradisnik, Sonya; Mena, Ismael; Mikovits, Judy; Miwa, Kunihisa; Murovska, Modra; Pall, Martin; Stevens, Staci (Aug 22, 2011). "Myalgic encephalomyelitis: International Consensus Criteria". Journal of Internal Medicine. 270 (4): 327–338. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02428.x. ISSN 0954-6820. PMC . PMID 21777306.
- Clayton, Ellen Wright; Alegria, Margarita; Bateman, Lucinda; Chu, Lily; Cleeland, Charles; Davis, Ronald; Diamond, Betty; Ganiats, Theodore; Keller, Betsy; Klimas, Nancy; Lerner, A Martin; Mulrow, Cynthia; Natelson, Benjamin; Rowe, Peter; Shelanski, Michael (2015). "Beyond Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Redefining an Illness" (PDF). nationacademies.org.
Myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome, often used when both illnesses are considered the same.